Each family then solemnly lit its hearth from the common flame, thus bonding the families of the village together.Often two bonfires would be built side by side, and the people would walk between the fires as a ritual of purification.The Coligny calendar marks the mid-summer moon (see Lughnasadh), but omits the mid-winter one.
After being ritually started on the Hill of Tlachtga, a bonfire was set alight on the Hill of Tara, which served as a beacon, signaling to people gathered atop hills all across Ireland to light their ritual bonfires.
The most common uses were to determine the identity of one's future spouse, the location of one's future home, and how many children a person might have.
Seasonal foods such as apples and nuts were often employed in these rituals.
"end") is a festival on the end of the harvest season in Gaelic and Brythonic cultures, with aspects of a festival of the dead.
Many scholars believe that it was the beginning of the Celtic year.